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Massage effect on the skin

Massage effect on the skinThe skin is about 20% of the total mass of the human body. Is it for the normal functioning of internal organs is difficult to overestimate. It protects the body from adverse external influences (mechanical, chemical, microbial). The most complicated processes in the skin, complement, and sometimes duplicate the function of some internal organs. Healthy skin surface involved in the process of respiration, metabolism, heat transfer, excretion of excess water and waste products. The skin consists of nackoney (epidermis) and the skin (dermis). Through subcutaneous layer it connects to the underlying tissues. The epidermis, in turn, consists of two layers: the upper (horn) and lower. Flat dead cells of the upper layer gradually sloughed off and replaced from the bottom layer. The stratum corneum is elasticity, poorly permeable and heat. It is a good conductor of gases such as oxygen, and has a high resistance to mechanical and atmospheric influences. The thickness of the stratum corneum varies: it's thicker on the soles, palms, buttocks blast, i.e. in those places who are under more pressure. The bottom layer of the epidermis is very sensitive to different kinds of touch. It contains no blood vessels and receives power from the interstitial gaps. The actual skin is a connective tissue consisting of two types of fibers: collagen and elastic. In the actual skin are sweat and sebaceous glands, blood and lymph vessels, nerve fibers responsive to heat, cold and tactile stimulation. Her nerve endings associated with the Central nervous system. In the skin there are about 2 million sweat glands, especially on the soles and palms. Itself gland is located in the dermis, and its excretory duct, passing through the epidermis, has an output between its cells. During the day, the sweat glands secrete 600-900 ml of sweat, consisting mainly of water (98-99%). The composition of sweat also includes urea, alkali metal salts, etc. During heavy exertion in sweat increases in lactic acid and nitrogenous substances. The skin performs very important for body function - thermoregulation. In the heat, depoprovera and evaporation of water through the skin is allocated 80% formed in the body heat. Skin temperature in healthy people in different parts of his body is of 32.0-36.6 degrees. The output of the sebaceous glands, usually opens in bags of hair, so they are mostly on the hair skin. Most of the sebaceous glands located in the skin. Cholesterol fats produced by these glands is not biodegradable, so they are good to protect the skin from external infection. The day of the sebaceous glands produce from 2 to 4 g of fat, which is evenly distributed across the surface of the skin. The amount of fat depends on the condition of the nervous system and age. Supply the skin with blood by using arteries. Moreover, in places exposed to greater stress their network thicker, and they have a meandering shape, which prevents them from breaking when the skin displacement. A vein in the skin, form four venous plexus, connected with each other. The degree of saturation of the skin blood is very high: it can be up to one-third of all blood in the body. Under blood vessels in the skin is a very extensive network of lymphatic capillaries. The skin plays a very important role in the overall metabolism: water, salt, heat, carbohydrate, fat and vitamin. Long ago, people noticed that the skin of one of the first to respond to disturbances in the functioning of the internal organs. This may manifest as acute pain, tingling, itching or numbness in the limited areas of the skin. In addition, the skin may be covered with a rash, spots, bubbles, etc. Massage effect on the skin is the following: 1. Through the skin is transferred to the irritation of the Central nervous system, which determines the response of the body and its various organs. 2. Massage helps to remove from the skin surface of dead skin cells of the epidermis, which in turn improves the sebaceous and sweat glands. 3. During the massage improves blood supply of the skin with blood and eliminates venous congestion. 4. The temperature of the massaged area increases, and therefore accelerate the metabolism and enzymatic processes. Massaged the skin becomes pink and elastic due to increased blood flow. Increases its resistance to mechanical and thermal influences.


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